SAT Math Term Problem Skills: Translating English Expressions Into Algebraic Expressions

SAT Math: Rating Higher by Understanding How to Translate From English Into Algebraic Notation,

Element I: Translations Involving Only A single Arithmetic Operation Learners who score large in the SAT Math are not essentially far better at computation or equation fixing. What they are greater at is “dilemma translation,” the ability to translate English expressions into algebraic notation. The good information about problem translation is that small more is necessary than the memorization of a established of policies. In the same way that, when using a foreign language, you memorize the reality that “house” is “Haus” in German, “maison” in French, or “casa” in Spanish, you memorize the truth that “three less than a quantity” is composed as “x – three” in algebraic notation.

Words indicating addition are plus, sum, complete, increased than, enhance, enhanced by, more than. Hence, “the sum of a number and 7” would be written as “n + 7.” Notice that we can use any letter as a variable-x, n, w, or w or any other letter we pick.

In addition to recognizing the phrases that reveal addition, understand the scenarios in which addition is logically implied. Typically, the concept of boost will imply addition.

Subtraction is a minor trickier simply because often — but not often — the term order of an English phrase indicating subtraction will be the reverse of buy of the algebraic expression. Phrases indicating subtraction are minus, variation, and significantly less.

Below are some common phrases indicating subtraction and how the corresponding algebraic expressions are created: A variety minus a few n – three The difference between a variety and five x – five 3 significantly less than a number x – 3 (Discover the reversal of the purchase.) seven is subtracted from a variety x – seven (Notice that the term “from” indicates a starting up stage. If you say, for instance, that you traveled to New York from Cleveland, that phrase suggests that you began from Cleveland. In algebra, you “began” from x. Hence, the x should come initial in this expression.

Also, when translating into algebra, even if the essential words and phrases are not there, if the dilemma indicates that a lessen has taken area, subtract. For instance, if somebody talks about losing money or the stock market likely down, a reduce has taken location. Generally, that will point out subtraction.

Multiplication: Seem for terms like solution and instances. Much more importantly, seem at the underlying logic of the problem. If the same thing is going on above and above yet again and you are striving to uncover a complete volume, feel about multiplying. Recognize that the word “of” when accompanying a portion or decimal indicates multiplication. For illustration, if a landlord owns ten apartments and collects $800 from every tenant, his complete income is ten(800) = $eight,000.

Division: Seem for words and phrases like divide and ratio. More importantly, seem for circumstances in which the complete is acknowledged but the measurement of each person component is not identified. Suppose we reverse the details about the landlord and we know that he has 10 flats and earns $eight,000 per month. If we assume that each and every apartment rents for the very same quantity, how much is the rent for each and every condominium? In this scenario, we know a complete amount and are striving to find the size of each and every equivalent part-in this scenario, a rent payment. For that reason, we divide.

Important Level: Distinguish in between the meanings of “increased than,” “is greater than,” and “how considerably increased than.” Better than indicates addition. eight increased than x x + eight Is increased than implies an inequality eight is increased than five 8 > five How a lot greater than signifies subtraction. “How much greater than five is x” would be prepared as

x — 5. Similarly, distinguish amongst “significantly less than,” “is considerably less than” and “how much significantly less.”

Considerably less than suggests subtraction. 7 considerably less than a quantity is x – seven.

Is less than implies an inequality. three is much less than six is three < 6. math help How much less than indicates subtraction How much less than 8 is x 8 – x

Practice the following Translation Exercises: Use x to represent an unknown number.

1. A number increased by 11.
2. The sum of a number and 13
3. 3/4 of a number
4.. A number minus 17
5. 12 less than a number.
6. 15 is subtracted from a number
7. The ratio of a number and 20.
8. A number of milk cartons is divided evenly among 15 children.
9.. How much greater is 59 than a number.
10. Total profit is x items are sold and earn $6 profit each.


1. x + 11
2. x + 13
3. 3/4(x) (Three-fourths times x)
4. x – 17
5. x — 12
6. x — 15
7. x / 20 (x divided by 20.)
8. x/ 15 (x divided by 15)
9. 59 — x
10. 6x

The next article in this series will focus on translations involving two or more arithmetic operations.